National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program - High Plains Regional Groundwater (HPGW) Study

High Plains Aquifer System

As part of the the National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA), the USGS has evaluated ground-water quality in the High Plains aquifer system.

Location of the High Plains study area in the central United States.

The High Plains aquifer system:

  • underlies 175,000 square miles in parts of eight States (CO, KS, NE, NM, OK, SD, TX, and WY).
  • approximately 27 percent of the irrigated land in the United States
  • about 30 percent of the groundwater used for irrigation in the U.S. is pumped from the High Plains aquifer. Irrigation withdrawals in 2000 were 17 billion gallons per day. In 2000, 1.9 million people were supplied by groundwater from the High Plains aquifer with total public-supply withdrawals of 315 million gallons per day.

The quality of water in the High Plains aquifer generally is suitable for irrigation use but, in many places, the water does not meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency drinking-water standards with respect to several dissolved constituents (dissolved solids/salinity, fluoride, chloride, and sulfate). Only sparsely scattered water-quality data are available for pesticides, volatile organic compounds, and trace metals in the High Plains aquifer system. Nutrient data are available, to a varying degree, across the aquifer.

Beginning in 1999 and continuing for a period of 6 years, the High Plains Regional Groundwater Study intensively investigated the quality of groundwater resources within the study area. Water quality impairment coupled with water-level declines focus concern on the continued sustainability of this Nationally important groundwater resource.

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Page Last Modified: Monday, 13-Mar-2017 17:36:12 EDT